What is monkeypox? And its precautions

Human monkeypox:

Monkeypox is a Zoonotic viral disease that spreads from animals to humans. Once a human is affected by monkeypox, it spreads from person to person. Human monkeypox is more severe than animal monkeypox because it is easily spreadable to others. 

Monkeypox virus infection was first identified in a monkey in Africa in 1958, and later in 1970, it started to spread to humans. When humans went near the infected monkey, the zoonotic virus spread to them. When we touch the animal, the virus carries over to our body. It will spread to humans as well as animals. So before cooking meat, wash it cleanly and cook it thoroughly until it is cooked. 

Monkeypox outbreak in 2021: 

In 2021, there were only two confirmed monkeypox cases in the USA. These two travelers visited many countries. The Monkeypox outbreak in 2022 was more. In the historical record, 2022 has many infected cases and spread to various countries. Though it is not a severe illness, spreading the virus is quite fast. More than 19,000 cases were recorded in 76 countries worldwide and 18,800 in 70 countries that have never previously disclosed monkeypox cases. Cases have constantly been rising across the country, with almost every state reporting confirmed monkeypox cases. The recently reported over 4,900 cases in the United States, a figure that has skyrocketed in recent weeks.

Symptoms of monkeypox:

Some mild experience symptoms, while others advance serious symptoms and require medical attention. The first symptoms of monkeypox are fever, unease, headache, sore throat, cough, and lymphadenopathy. The presence of lymphadenopathy differentiates monkeypox from smallpox. It usually happens when the fever starts, 1-2 days before the rash starts, or very rarely when the rash begins.

The rash may last two to three weeks. The rash appears on the face, palms of hands, soles of feet, eyes, mouth, throat, pelvis, and genital and/or anal part of the body.

The poxes will go away themselves or with supportive treatment. People are contagious until all poxes have completely dried over, sores have fallen off, and a new layer of skin has formed. Pregnant women, children, and immunosuppressed patients are at a higher risk of monkeypox.

Monkeypox treatment:  

Monkeypox does not have a particular treatment. However, because the viruses that cause monkeypox and smallpox are morphologically closer, antiviral drugs and vaccines successfully implemented to guard against smallpox may be used to prevent and manage monkeypox virus infections. People who have symptoms of monkeypox may get a vaccine to prevent the disease or lessen the severity of symptoms. Monkeypox is typically a minor illness. It is typically a self-limiting disease with symptoms lasting between two and four weeks. People with monkeypox will recover without treatment.

People can quarantine themselves and have mild and liquid foods. Intake of more water will reduce the body’s heat and cure the poxes soon. The chickenpox treatment can be given to monkeypox also. 

Who declares monkeypox?

WHO director-general Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus declared monkeypox an outbreak. He stated that more cases had been reported daily, and five members died due to monkeypox infection. The outbreak quickly spread throughout the world, and he had determined that it was important worldwide. Although monkeypox has not spread to European countries, the rate of spread is faster. He also stated that the vaccine should be identified as soon as possible, and the treatment process should begin. Otherwise, the world will face a pandemic situation. The spreading rate is more significant than anticipated and should be treated as such.

Can a person die from monkeypox in 2022?

Monkeypox symptoms usually go away on their own after a few weeks. On the other hand, an infection can cause health complications and even death in some people. Luckily, monkeypox deaths are uncommon. Pregnant or breastfeeding women have weaker immune systems, people with a history of eczema, and children under the age of eight are at a higher risk of serious illness. Proper treatment, healthy foods, and quarantine will help the person recover from monkeypox as quickly as possible. The importance of appropriate care and medication cannot be overstated.

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How are people getting monkeypox?

Monkeypox spreads through close contact with someone with a monkeypox rash, such as direct contact or sexual contact. When we use an infected person’s clothing, bedding, towels, objects, electronics, or surfaces, we can also easily get infected. Close connection with monkeypox rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with monkeypox causes the disease to spread.

How to prevent monkeypox?

Reduce yourself from visiting monkeypox persons. Avoiding close contact with people who have doubted or confirmed monkeypox symptoms can help you to stay away from virus infection. Clean the environment regularly, it will help the infected person as well as all people in the home from getting infected.

  • Wearing a mask can help prevent the spread of the disease.
  • People should use sanitizer to clean their hands.
  • Do not touch a monkeypox patient’s wounds.
  • Avoid having sex with someone with a monkeypox person.
  • Do not share plates, spoons, or cups.
  • Do not touch the infected person’s beddings, towels, or clothing. 

Monkeypox cases in California and the Philippines:

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, California has 799 likely and recorded incidents of monkeypox, making it the second largest outbreak in the United States after New York. In the Philippines, there was only one case. Monkeypox is spreading to nearly every country on the planet.

It is for our protection against monkeypox. Let’s stop monkeypox before it becomes a pandemic.

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